Mind Games – Manic-depression & Schizophrenia


Manic-depression usually results from a personality disorder. Extreme stress can also trigger it. Mild cases can be treated with medication, psychotherapy, and rehabilitation.


  • Extreme mood swings
  • Mood cycles of elated overactivity (mania) to irregular, deep depression
  • Sleep disturbances, awakening earlier each day; inability to stay in bed
  • Decreased work output; distraction and restlessness
  • Spending sprees
  • Inability to finish a project
  • Sexual promiscuousness
  • Irritability; sudden attacks of misplaced rage
  • Abnormal excitability
  • Exaggerated feelings of well-being
  • Flight of ideas
  • Excessive activity
  • Total elation with wild speech full of rhyming, punning, and illogical word associations
  • Singing, dancing, uproarious laughter, or crying at inappropriate times
  • Underlying sadness, futility, unworthiness, and despair
  • Loss of appetite, sleep, and weight; exhaustion
  • Delusions of grandeur or intense anger when unable to carry out a wild scheme
  • Capable of violence, suicide, murder



 Schizophrenia can be inherited or caused by a physical disorder, such as a brain tumor. It is usually caused from a malfunction of brain cells, though extreme mental stress or personal loss can trigger the disorder. Schizophrenia is lifelong; acute attacks come and go. A schizophrenic is capable of violence, suicide, murder, or both.


  • Disorganization of thoughts and feelings
  • Withdrawal from everyone and everything
  • Vague speech; inability to follow normal conversation
  • Disconnected remarks
  • Blank looks; staring into space
  • Sudden statements springing into the mind
  • Bizarre speech, hallucinations, hearing voices (often hostile)
  • Fear of others hearing thoughts and stealing them
  • Feeling like a puppet controlled by an outside being or force
  • Exaggerated emotions, ranging from joy to sadness
  • Inappropriate emotional responses and outbursts
  • Feelings of fear, paranoia, resentment, hostility

Susan J. Shelley

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